Thailand is a country at the centre of the Indochinese peninsula in Southeast Asia. Thailand is the world's 50th-largest country. It is the 20th-most-populous country in the world, with around 69 million people.The Thai economy is the world's 20th largest by GDP at PPP and the 27th largest by nominal GDP. It became a newly industrialised country and a major exporter in the 1990s. Manufacturing, agriculture, and tourism are leading sectors of the economy.
Thailand's real estate market is also one of Asia's most popular for foreign investors. The country is friendly towards foreign investment and almost anyone, even tourists, can open a bank account in less than 20 minutes. Thailand ranked 46th out of 190 different countries in the annual Ease of Doing Business ratings - third place in Southeast Asia behind Singapore and Malaysia. Many condo units are sold by the developer before or during the construction period. Buyers enjoy steep discounts by doing this, and the developer gets easier access to loans along.It usually takes three to five years for a condo building to finish construction from the time sales first begin. Because of this, there's a market in buying units off-plan and selling them at a profit when the building is close to being finished. To reserve a unit and sign the contracts, you often only need to make a down payment of 10% - along with another 10% gradually, over the course of a few years, with installments payable monthly. The right to buy and transfer the condo unit once construction is finished can be transferred and sold.
For long distance travel, bus transport dominates. Low-speed rail travel has long been a rural long-distance transport mechanism, though plans are underway to expand services with high-speed rail lines extending to several major regions of Thailand. Road transportation is the primary form of freight transport across the country. For short trips motorbikes are common. There are public motorcycle taxis in Bangkok, Pattaya, and other large cities. An overwhelming number of taxis can also be found in Bangkok. A motorway network across Thailand has been gradually implemented, with motorways completed in Bangkok and most of central Thailand.Domestic air transport, which had been dominated by a select few air carriers, saw a surge in popularity since 2010 due in large part to the expanding services of low-cost carriers such as Thai Air Asia and Nok Air.
Education in Thailand is provided mainly by the Thai government through the Ministry of Education from pre-school to senior high school. A free basic education of twelve years is guaranteed by the constitution, and a minimum of nine years' school attendance is mandatory. In 2009 the Ministry of Education announced the extension of a free, mandatory education for fifteen years. Formal education consists of at least twelve years of basic education, and higher education. Basic education is divided into six years of elementary education and six years of secondary education, the latter being further divided into three years of lower- and upper-secondary levels. Kindergarten levels of pre-elementary education, also part of the basic education level, span 2-3 years depending on the locale, and are variably provided. Non-formal education is also supported by the state. Independent schools contribute significantly to the general education infrastructure.
Thailand's climate is influenced by monsoon winds that have a seasonal character (the southwest and northeast monsoon). The southwest monsoon, which starts from May until October is characterized by movement of warm, moist air from the Indian Ocean to Thailand, causing abundant rain over most of the country. The northeast monsoon, starting from October until February brings cold and dry air from China over most of Thailand. In southern Thailand, the northeast monsoon brings mild weather and abundant rainfall on the eastern coast of that region. Most of Thailand has a "tropical wet and dry or savanna climate" type. The south and the eastern tip of the east have a tropical monsoon climate.